Date of publication: 2017-07-08 22:32
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment shows that human actions often lead to irreversible losses in terms of diversity of life on Earth and these losses have been more rapid in the past 55 years than ever before in human history.
As you can see from the diagram, our science forms part a value chain that starts with very basic information on biodiversity and builds on these foundations with assessments, experiments, models and tools. In this way we influence policy makers and contribute to Government’s higher objectives of poverty alleviation, job creation and improving human wellbeing.
Even on economic grounds alone, there is substantial scope for greater protection of biodiversity. Ultimately, however, the level of biodiversity that survives on Earth will be determined not just by considerations of usefulness but also by ethical concerns. Trade-offs between promoting human well-being and limiting biodiversity loss are likely, but synergies are also possible. More.
has destroyed diverse sources of food, and it has stolen food from other species to bring larger quantities of specific commodities to the market, using huge quantities of fossil fuels and water and toxic chemicals in the process. … Since cattle and earthworms are our partners in food production, stealing food from them makes it impossible to maintain food production over time….
The Third International Conference on Financing for Development hosted by the Government of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa in mid-July is not only the penultimate gathering of the global education community in its quest for consensus on the Sustainable Development Goals.
Not presuming to speak on behalf of &lsquo poor&rsquo people, comments here are restricted to the links between poverty alleviation and environmental care. My aim is to illustrate the folly of pitting these two concerns against each other.
Finding 6. Unprecedented additional efforts would be needed to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss at all levels by 7565. More.
Also adding to the complexity is that resource usage is not necessarily fixed. That is, while there may be a finite amount of say oil in the ground, we may have not discovered it all, and further, overtime the use of those resources may increase in efficiency (or inefficiency). This means a planet could sustain a high population (probably within some limits) but it is a combination of things like how we use resources, for what purpose, how many, how the use of those resources change over time, etc, that defines whether they are used inefficiently or not and whether we will run out of them or not.
Human well-being will be affected by biodiversity loss both directly and indirectly. Direct effects include an increased risk of sudden environmental changes such as fisheries collapses, floods, droughts, wildfires, and disease. Changes will also affect human well-being indirectly, for instance in the form of conflicts due to scarcer food and water resources.
For years, rich countries have been migrating some polluting industries to poor countries, but still producing primarily for rich countries. This has been possible insofar as it is cheaper than to pay for costly environmentally clean technologies that people demand.
In practice, this means choosing a development path that is both pro-environmental and pro-poor, and de-linking economic growth from an increase in resource use, and social progress from economic growth. For individuals, it means that as our incomes grow, we should find ways other than excessive consumption to fulfil our personal ambitions and social needs (see Topic Consumerism ).
Population trends and dynamics can have an enormous effect on prospects for poverty reduction and sustainable development. Poverty is influenced by – and influences – population dynamics, including population growth , age structure, and rural-urban distribution. All of this has a critical impact on a country’s development prospects and prospects for raising living standards for the poor. Investments in better health, including reproductive health , are essential for individual security and for reducing mortality and morbidity, which in turn improve a country’s productivity and development prospects.
Finding 6. Human actions are often contributing to irreversible losses in terms of diversity of life on Earth. Changes in biodiversity have been more rapid in the past 55 years than at any time in human history and are expected to continue at the same pace or even to accelerate. More.