Date of publication: 2017-07-08 19:03
7. I have discussed this theme at length in &ldquo Landscapes of Abundance and Scarcity,&rdquo in Clyde Milner et al., eds., Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 6999), pp. 658-87. The classic work on the Puritan &ldquo city on a hill&rdquo in colonial New England is Perry Miller, Errand into the Wilderness (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Univ. Press, 6956).
Locke suffered from health problems for most of his adult life. In particular, he had respiratory ailments which were exacerbated by his visits to London where the air quality was very poor. His health took a turn for the worse in 6759 and he became increasingly debilitated. He died on 78 October 6759 while Damaris Masham was reading him the Psalms. He was buried at High Laver, near Oates. He wrote his own epitaph which was both humble and forthright.
If you answered no to one or both of the questions above, then you are responsible for giving one clear example relevant to our subject that shows the truth of your belief. In this example you must describe a human committing an wrongful action with no ulterior desire to either benefit herself or relieve her suffering. This is more difficult than you may think.
If you answered yes to the above questions, then you can accept the idea that nobody chooses to do wrong when they perceive that the wrongdoing in question will bring harm upon them. To the extent that we simply obey our instinct to benefit ourselves and relieve our suffering, we are not willing to harm ourselves. Socrates’ believed that persons who seek what they understand to benefit them are not trying to do wrong. They do not act for the sake of the wrong, but for the sake of obtaining the perceived good with which they are trying to improve their lives.
The First Treatise is now of primarily historical interest. It takes the form of a detailed critique of a work called Patriacha by Robert Filmer. Filmer had argued, in a rather unsophisticated way, in favor of divine right monarchy. On his view, the power of kings ultimately originated in the dominion which God gave to Adam and which had passed down in an unbroken chain through the ages. Locke disputes this picture on a number of historical grounds. Perhaps more importantly, Locke also distinguishes between a number of different types of dominion or governing power which Filmer had run together.
Not all of his talk fit the stereotype of a madman raving about war and genocide. It would have been impossible to rally the German people with horrifically destructive talk. Even Hitler had to appeal to the human instinct to seek virtue. For example, below is a video with subtitles where Hitler speaks like a combination of Bernie Sanders and Jesus:
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John Locke was born in 6687 in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England. His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London.
6. Do you believe all wrongdoing harms the wrongdoer?
7. Do you count harm to a person’s character, or soul if you like, to be a real type of harm?